John Thomas #25 INF USC

gp 21
avg .171
hr -
rbi 8
r 5
sb 1
Recent Games
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 21 117th 8 129th
Plate appearances 46 123rd 12 133rd
At Bats 35 123rd 10 133rd
Runs 5 124th 1 128th
Hits 6 128th 2 124th
Doubles - - - -
Triples - - - -
Home Runs - - - -
Runs Batted In 8 92nd 2 101st
Total bases 6 138th 2 134th
Walks 7 96th - -
Hit by pitch 1 80th - -
Strikeouts 8 126th 1 156th
Sacrifice Flies - - - -
Sacrifice Hits 3 17th 2 10th
Hit into double play 3 26th 1 30th
Stolen Bases 1 68th 1 32nd
Caught Stealing 1 34th - -
Batting Average .171 - .200 -
On Base Percentage .326 - .200 -
Slugging Percentage .171 - .200 -
Appearances 0 153rd 0 133rd
Games started 0 82nd 0 51st
Wins 0 94th 0 50th
Losses 0 82nd 0 58th
Saves 0 36th 0 22nd
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 347th 0.0 344th
Hits - - - -
Runs - - - -
Earned Runs - - - -
Walks - - - -
Strikeouts - - - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 - .00 -
Doubles Allowed - - - -
Triples Allowed - - - -
Home Runs Allows - - - -
At Bats Against - - - -
Batting Average Against - - - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 - 0.00 -
Wild pitches - - - -
Hit Batters - - - -
Balks - - - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - - - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - - - -
Total Chances 119 37th 42 57th
Put Outs 103 24th 40 32nd
Assists 13 65th 2 110th
Errors 3 35th 0 100th
Fielding Percentage .975 - 1.000 -
Double Plays 7 40th 3 39th
Stolen Bases Allowed - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - - - -
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 2 1 1 - - - 1 1 1 - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 2 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 2 0 0 - - - 1 1 - - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 2 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - 1
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 4 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 3 0 1 - - - 2 - 1 - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 0 1 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 2 1 0 - - - 1 1 - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 3 1 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 2 0 0 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 1 0 1 - - - 1 - - 1 -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 1 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 - - - 1 0 - - - - 3
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 - - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 3
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 3
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 - - - 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 2
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 1 - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 - - 1 0 0 - 1 - - 3
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 - - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 3
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 - - 1 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 4
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 - - - 0 0 1 2 - - 2
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 2
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 - - - 1 0 - - - - 1
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 1
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 - - 1 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 9 9 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 9 8 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 8 3 4 1 .875 - - - - - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 8 7 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 8 7 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 6 5 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 6 5 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 3 2 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 6 4 0 2 .667 - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 9 8 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 12 12 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 12 12 0 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 6 5 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 5 4 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2018-19 21 35 5 6 - - - 8 7 8 1 1 .171 .326 .171
Total 21 35 5 6 - - - 8 7 8 1 1 .171 .326 .171
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2018-19 21 1 - 3 6 0 3 11 12 0.92 46
Total 21 1 - 3 6 0 3 11 12 0.92 46
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2018-19 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2018-19 21 119 103 13 3 .975 7 - - - - -
Total 21 119 103 13 3 .975 7 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 21 35 5 6 - - - 8 7 8 1 1 .171 .326 .171
Conference 8 10 1 2 - - - 2 - 1 1 - .200 .200 .200
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 8 13 2 2 - - - 3 4 5 - - .154 .389 .154
Away 1 2 1 0 - - - 1 1 - - - .000 .333 .000
Neutral 12 20 2 4 - - - 4 2 3 1 1 .200 .273 .200
 
-
Wins 10 18 4 4 - - - 4 3 3 1 - .222 .364 .222
Losses 10 17 1 2 - - - 4 4 5 - 1 .118 .286 .118
 
-
February 7 17 2 3 - - - 3 5 4 - 1 .176 .364 .176
March 11 16 3 2 - - - 4 2 3 - - .125 .263 .125
April 3 2 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 1 - .500 .500 .500
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 21 1 - 3 6 0 3 11 12 0.92 46
Conference 8 - - 2 2 0 1 5 3 1.67 12
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 8 1 - - 2 0 1 2 4 0.50 18
Away 1 - - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 3
Neutral 12 - - 3 4 0 1 8 7 1.14 25
 
-
Wins 10 1 - 1 4 0 1 5 7 0.71 23
Losses 10 - - 1 2 0 2 5 5 1.00 22
 
-
February 7 - - - 3 0 1 3 7 0.43 22
March 11 1 - 2 2 0 2 7 5 1.40 21
April 3 - - 1 1 0 - 1 - - 3
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 21 119 103 13 3 .975 7 - - - - -
Conference 8 42 40 2 0 1.000 3 - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 8 40 32 7 1 .975 2 - - - - -
Away 1 9 8 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Neutral 12 70 63 5 2 .971 4 - - - - -
 
-
Wins 10 56 52 4 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Losses 10 60 48 9 3 .950 5 - - - - -
 
-
February 7 54 44 9 1 .981 2 - - - - -
March 11 56 51 3 2 .964 5 - - - - -
April 3 9 8 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -