Emilio Rosas #27 INF USC

gp 22
avg .250
hr -
rbi 3
r 8
sb -
Recent Games
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 22 110th 9 116th
Plate appearances 65 107th 19 117th
At Bats 60 101st 17 115th
Runs 8 107th 1 128th
Hits 15 97th 4 115th
Doubles 4 67th 1 77th
Triples 1 25th - -
Home Runs - - - -
Runs Batted In 3 137th 1 123rd
Total bases 21 98th 5 115th
Walks 5 109th 2 109th
Hit by pitch - - - -
Strikeouts 14 98th 4 118th
Sacrifice Flies - - - -
Sacrifice Hits - - - -
Hit into double play 1 71st - -
Stolen Bases - - - -
Caught Stealing - - - -
Batting Average .250 - .235 -
On Base Percentage .308 - .316 -
Slugging Percentage .350 - .294 -
Appearances 0 153rd 0 133rd
Games started 0 83rd 0 51st
Wins 0 95th 0 50th
Losses 0 82nd 0 59th
Saves 0 36th 0 22nd
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 317th 0.0 312th
Hits - - - -
Runs - - - -
Earned Runs - - - -
Walks - - - -
Strikeouts - - - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 - .00 -
Doubles Allowed - - - -
Triples Allowed - - - -
Home Runs Allows - - - -
At Bats Against - - - -
Batting Average Against - - - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 - 0.00 -
Wild pitches - - - -
Hit Batters - - - -
Balks - - - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - - - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - - - -
Total Chances 51 93rd 27 87th
Put Outs 34 86th 25 63rd
Assists 14 63rd 1 133rd
Errors 3 35th 1 52nd
Fielding Percentage .941 - .963 -
Double Plays 6 43rd 4 28th
Stolen Bases Allowed - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - - - -
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 3 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 5 2 3 - 1 - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 4 1 2 1 - - 0 1 2 - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 3 1 1 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 4 0 2 - - - 1 - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 5 1 1 1 - - 0 - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 4 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 3 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 3 0 2 - - - 1 1 1 - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 3 0 1 1 - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 1 0 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 3 1 1 1 - - 0 - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 2 1 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 - - - 5 1 1 1 - - 5
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 - - - 3 1 - - - - 5
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 4
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 - - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 3
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 - - - 2 0 - 2 - - 4
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 - - - 2 1 - 2 2 1.00 5
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 3
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 1
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 3
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 - - - 2 0 - - - - 4
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 3
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 - - - 2 1 - 1 - - 3
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 2
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 - - - 2 1 - 1 1 1.00 3
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 2
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 2
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 15 Neb.-Omaha W, 6-5 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 Neb.-Omaha W, 11-0 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 17 Neb.-Omaha L, 12-9 4 0 3 1 .750 - - - - - -
Feb 21 vs. Arkansas L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 22 vs. Arkansas L, 8-6 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 23 vs. Arkansas W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 26 UC Santa Barb. L, 2-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 1 Grand Canyon L, 4-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon L, 7-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 3 Grand Canyon W, 7-1 4 2 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 5 vs. Loyola Marymount L, 14-5 2 1 1 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 8 vs. Oklahoma St. L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 9 vs. Michigan W, 4-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 vs. UCLA L, 7-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 12 at Cal St. Fullerton L, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. California W, 9-4 7 7 0 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. California W, 1-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. California L, 9-8 4 4 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 19 Long Beach St. W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 22 vs. Washington L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 23 vs. Washington L, 4-3 9 8 0 1 .889 3 - - - - -
Mar 24 vs. Washington L, 3-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 26 at Long Beach St. W, 8-5 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 vs. UCLA W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 30 vs. UCLA L, 7-1 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 31 vs. UCLA L, 9-2 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 2 at UC Santa Barb. L, 10-4 6 4 1 1 .833 1 - - - - -
Apr 5 vs. Arizona State W, 10-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 6 vs. Arizona State W, 7-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 7 vs. Arizona State L, 11-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 9 Cal St. Fullerton W, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Utah W, 6-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 12 vs. Utah L, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 13 vs. Utah L, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 16 vs. Pepperdine W, 5-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 18 vs. Washington State W, 4-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 19 vs. Washington State W, 10-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 vs. Washington State T, 10-10 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 23 UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 28 at Cal Poly   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 3 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 4 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 5 vs. Stanford   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 10 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 vs. Arizona   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 14 vs. Loyola Marymount   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Oregon   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 21 at UC Irvine   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 23 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 24 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
May 25 vs. Oregon State   - - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2018-19 22 60 8 15 4 1 - 3 5 14 - - .250 .308 .350
Total 22 60 8 15 4 1 - 3 5 14 - - .250 .308 .350
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2018-19 22 - - - 21 5 1 15 15 1.00 65
Total 22 - - - 21 5 1 15 15 1.00 65
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2018-19 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2018-19 22 51 34 14 3 .941 6 - - - - -
Total 22 51 34 14 3 .941 6 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 22 60 8 15 4 1 - 3 5 14 - - .250 .308 .350
Conference 9 17 1 4 1 - - 1 2 4 - - .235 .316 .294
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 6 24 4 8 2 1 - 2 2 6 - - .333 .385 .500
Away 2 4 1 1 1 - - 0 - - - - .250 .250 .500
Neutral 14 32 3 6 1 - - 1 3 8 - - .188 .257 .219
 
-
Wins 6 17 3 4 1 1 - 1 1 3 - - .235 .278 .412
Losses 15 41 4 11 3 - - 2 4 11 - - .268 .333 .341
 
-
February 6 22 4 6 1 1 - 1 3 8 - - .273 .360 .409
March 12 31 2 8 2 - - 2 2 5 - - .258 .303 .323
April 4 7 2 1 1 - - 0 - 1 - - .143 .143 .286
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 22 - - - 21 5 1 15 15 1.00 65
Conference 9 - - - 5 1 - 3 5 0.60 19
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 6 - - - 12 3 1 6 4 1.50 26
Away 2 - - - 2 1 - 2 1 2.00 4
Neutral 14 - - - 7 1 - 7 10 0.70 35
 
-
Wins 6 - - - 7 2 1 5 5 1.00 18
Losses 15 - - - 14 3 - 9 9 1.00 45
 
-
February 6 - - - 9 2 1 5 3 1.67 25
March 12 - - - 10 2 - 8 9 0.89 33
April 4 - - - 2 1 - 2 3 0.67 7
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 22 51 34 14 3 .941 6 - - - - -
Conference 9 27 25 1 1 .963 4 - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 6 13 2 10 1 .923 - - - - - -
Away 2 8 6 1 1 .875 1 - - - - -
Neutral 14 30 26 3 1 .967 5 - - - - -
 
-
Wins 6 18 11 7 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Losses 15 31 22 6 3 .903 5 - - - - -
 
-
February 6 10 0 9 1 .900 - - - - - -
March 12 33 29 3 1 .970 5 - - - - -
April 4 8 5 2 1 .875 1 - - - - -